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ERIC Number: ED238714
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Training and Utilization of Scientific and Engineering Manpower in the People's Republic of China. Science and Technology in the People's Republic of China Background Study No. 5. Transmitted to the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session, Serial P.
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Science and Technology.; Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.
The education of scientists and engineers in China was severely interrupted and for all practical purposes discontinued during the years of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1972). This study covers the evolution of the educational system in China since that time. The study updates the Committee on Science and Technology's 1980 study of science and engineering manpower in China. Such an updating has become desirable due to the growing availability of statistical information about China's educational program for scientists/engineers, and the numerous new ways in which China very recently has begun to utilize its science and engineering manpower resources. Major areas examined include: (1) the intellectual setting (considering plight of the scientist-intellectual, improvement of living conditions, and policy formation); (2) restoring higher education (including a statistical perspective and discussion of enrollment issues and selection problems, curriculum, faculty, graduate education, and foreign training); (3) professional manpower (examining quantity and quality of graduate students and evidence/speculation about the number of scientific and technical personnel); and (4) problems of planning and utilization of scientific and technical manpower (focusing on enrollment versus requirements and improving distribution and utilization of scientists/engineers). A list of China's key colleges/universities and tables of selected statistics are included in two appendices. (JN)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Science and Technology.; Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.
Identifiers - Location: China