ERIC Number: ED238707
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Methods of Assessing Strategies for Judging Covariation between Events.
Shaklee, Harriet; Hall, Laurie
Past research indicates poor agreement about strategies people use to assess covariation between events. This research investigates method of assessment as one possible source of this low consensus. A set of problems was developed in such a way that different judgment rules would produce different decisions about the relationships between events. College subjects judged these problems, then were asked to explain their judgment strategy. In addition, they were shown model strategies and asked to choose the one like their own strategy and the model that would be the best strategy. Subjects whose judgments indicated use of the most sophisticated strategy were quite accurate in reporting their judgment rules. Subjects using the less accurate rules most commonly reported using strategies which could not have produced the obtained pattern of problem solutions. These findings suggest that self-report is a weak basis for conclusions about sources of error in covariation judgment. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Iowa Univ., Iowa City. Dept. of Psychology.