ERIC Number: ED238680
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Population of China. One Billion, Eight Million People.
Murphy, Elaine M.; Cancellier, Patricia
Inter-Change. Population Education Newsletter, v12 n2 May 1983
Several programs have been instituted in China over the past 30 years in order to slow the birth rate. The population, set at 1,008,175,288 people by a 1982 census, is by far the largest of any nation. A 10-year family planning program, begun in 1957, caused the birth rate to drop considerably through the mid-1960's. In 1971, "wan xi shao," the most organized fertility-control program the world has known, was launched. Focusing on later marriages, longer intervals between births, and two children per family, the program used incentives, peer pressure, and birth control to meet quotas. In 1978, a one-child campaign was deemed necessary. Incentives were used to encourage couples to pledge to have only one child. By August 1982, over 15 million one-child certificates had been issued. This program has not been without problems, one of which is an apparent increase in female infanticide. The government's goal is to have a population of 1.2 billion by the end of the century; however, this appears to be unrealistic. This newsletter includes eight questions for classroom discussion and a bibliography of one reference and two additional resources. (DC)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Population Reference Bureau, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: China