ERIC Number: ED238533
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Adults in Infant Development: Implications for Early Childhood Educators.
Presented in this paper are a selective review and summary of recent research findings concerning the adult's role in infant development. After an introduction setting forth assumptions guiding the selection of issues and findings, the first section discusses research on parent/infant interaction. Some of the classic concepts of infant development, such as bonding and fear of strangers, are critically examined. Also discussed in the first section are the early relationship between parents and their infant, early forms of self-regulation, interaction at a distance, the beginnings of infant initiative, coping with an expanding awareness and new emotions, and the beginnings of self-assertion. The second section examines the role of nonfamilial caregivers, specifically in relation to group care contexts and their impact on the infant and on the parent-infant relationship. Specific attention is given to the effects of day care on cognitive development and the role of other children in group care settings. The third section considers issues related to lasting effects of the infant's early experience with adults. Discussion focuses on infants at risk, effects of the physical environment, and the need for improved research. Finally, several conclusions based on the reviewed findings are offered. (RH)
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Child Caregivers, Cognitive Development, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Early Experience, Environmental Influences, High Risk Persons, Infants, Parent Child Relationship, Peer Relationship, Research Needs, Self Control, Social Development, Teacher Role
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.