ERIC Number: ED238476
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Objectives for College Courses.
Cohen, Arthur M.
Developed for newly appointed or experienced college instructors, this monograph presents a process for specifying instructional objectives. After chapter 1 provides background on the process of writing learning objectives, chapter 2 defines the terms, "goals,""objectives,""instruction," and "learning." Chapter 3 provides the instructor with a programmed lesson in how to write objectives, while chapter 4 expands on the topic in narrative form, focusing on terminal, interim, and out-of-class objectives. Implications of the process of specifying objectives are examined in chapter 5, which addresses questions concerning who should write objectives, sharing of objectives, wording of objectives, specificity of objectives, detailing outcomes, frequency of revision, student abilities, informing students, student expectations, additional uses of objectives, and grading. Chapter 6 discusses common criticisms of the process, focusing on the effort required, unanticipated outcomes, problems in establishing causal relationships between teaching and learning, and the desire to enhance the individuation process. Finally, 100 sample objectives, classified according to subject area and level of complexity, are presented. Appendices outline methods for determining student understanding of the objectives, reporting student achievement, sequencing objectives, and determining class criteria. A list of available course objectives and a 33-item annotated bibliography are also appended. (LAL)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers; Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A