NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED238406
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Aug-29
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Instructional Procedures on Beginning Programmers' Mental Models.
Bayman, Piraye
Because previous research by Bayman and Mayer (1983) suggests that individuals who attempt to learn their first computer language develop a variety of misconceptions of the meanings of individual programming statements, this study investigated whether it is possible to enhance beginning programmers' understanding of the programming statements through instructions, and whether individuals'"mental models"--conceptions of what happens inside the computer when a statement is executed--are important for their success in solving programming problems. Subjects were 95 undergraduates unfamiliar with computer programming who studied BASIC using either a standard BASIC manual (Standard Group) or manuals containing procedural and/or pictorial information on the internal workings of the computer (Conceptual Groups). The results showed that individuals with lower mathematics aptitude benefitted from the nonstandard information in their manuals and generated more accurate conceptions of the BASIC statements. Their conceptions of the programming statements seem to have influenced their programming performance as well. Eleven references are listed. (Author/LMM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A