ERIC Number: ED238197
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr-15
In Quest of a Gender-Inclusive Theory of Leadership: Contributions from Research on Women Leaders in School Unions.
Intriligator, Barbara A.
Current research on women leaders has concentrated on four themes, all of which have been treated in terms of male-oriented leadership theory. Some studies have concentrated on social and psychological differences between men and women leaders, while a second group notes workplace attitudes toward stereotyped male and female traits. Both of these types of studies have lacked measures of leadership effectiveness. However, a third group, considering the inequities facing women leaders, has broken through male-oriented leadership studies. But the most productive studies of women leaders have identified general leader behaviors and skills and have shown no significant differences between effective male and female leadership. Using specific behaviors found to be common among effective leaders of either sex, a new study examines school union leaders, male and female, to determine the skills they rated highest in their jobs, their motives and incentives, and their reasons for choosing union rather than school administration. Men and women, it was found, agreed on essential skills in leadership and on most incentives; however, a majority of women, unlike male counterparts, found union leadership attractive because they could remain in teaching. (JW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 11-15, 1983).