ERIC Number: ED238142
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Intragroup Inconsistency in Public Policy Analysis.
Tanner, C. Kenneth; Young, I. Philip
Systematic investigation of processes involved in needs analysis would improve current knowledge of the procedure and would bring analysts closer to the goal of generalized validity rather than situational validity. This article deals with two phases of the needs assessment process: selecting participants and defining needs and alternatives in terms of characteristics. A methodological approach for classifying participants is presented along with a method for determining intragroup consistency and agreement. Three methods of selecting participants are discussed: selection on the basis of affiliation with reference groups, on the basis of representing the population at large, and on the basis of demographic analysis that identifies significant groups. Actual choice of selection method has depended upon philosophical preference; for selection to be based upon more objective criteria a common unit of measurement must be identified. The author presents the concept of a numerical rating scale employing criteria for weighting intragroup consistency and agreement for participant selection. (MD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 11-15, 1983).