ERIC Number: ED237860
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Interventions for Dealing with Resistance.
Lambert, Dorinda J.
Basic intervention strategies for dealing with client resistance include psychoanalytic, learning/behavioral, and hypnotic/paradoxical. Psychoanalytic theory views resistance as a way to avoid the anxiety aroused by increasing awareness of unconscious materials and vulnerable areas in the person's life. Resistance is dealt with after it has occurred by confronting it through interpretation. The learning/behavioral approaches attempt to prevent the development of resistance by altering the format of information presented, by structuring the treatment using behavioral techniques, or by emphasizing client control in treatment planning. Hypnotic/paradoxical approaches are used either before or after resistance is evident. The client's resistance is used both directly (consciously) and indirectly (unconsciously) to facilitate change. Since the hypnotic/paradoxical approaches are relatively recent methods, theory development and effectiveness research are still needed. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A