ERIC Number: ED237753
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Summer Youth Employment: The Corporate Experience. Research Bulletin Number 141.
Lund, Leonard; Weber, Nathan
During the summer of 1982, summer jobs programs organized and operated by the private sector were underway in numerous cities, often in addition to or in cooperation with the government-funded Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) projects. Of the 176 companies that responded to a Conference Board survey of 480 of the largest corporations in cities with populations of more than 250,000, 70 percent indicated that they participated in summer jobs programs in 1982. Most of the firms took part in programs for disadvantaged youth as part of community summer jobs programs, where the major portion of growth in business involvement in offering summer jobs has come. Most of the summer jobs were routine, low-skill clerical or maintenance positions, providing little if any training. The motives cited by the survey respondents as most important lean heavily toward social obligation, such as "an interest in advancing opportunities for youth,""an act of social responsibility," or "a means of practicing community involvement." Other reasons cited included "good public relations for the company," and "need for additional employees in the summer." Although one of the least pervasive motivations was "peer pressure from other business leaders," this reason seems to be one of the key elements in putting together a successful community-based summer jobs program. The summer jobs experience was deemed to be relatively successful by most companies, and 66 percent say that they will participate again. The overall number of jobs created and youth placed, however, was small compared to the need. Greater efforts, including year-round jobs programs sponsored by the private sector, are needed. (This report includes specifics of the summer jobs programs of 14 cities.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Business Responsibility, Community Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Programs, Job Development, Job Placement, Part Time Employment, Private Agencies, Program Effectiveness, Summer Programs, Young Adults, Youth Employment
The Conference Board, Inc., 845 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022 ($25.00; $5.00 to educators and members).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Conference Board, Inc., New York, NY.