ERIC Number: ED237658
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov-30
Staff Development: The Carrot or the Stick?
Schambier, Robert F.
Staff development in the public schools has become a serious concern only since the 1970s. Staff development is not inservice education, although it includes inservice teacher education. Rather, staff development should be a process by both administrators and teachers who set goals to improve the school or school system and meet the needs of individual staff members while carrying out needed changes. From a review of literature on staff development, one may conclude that staff development efforts should be guided by clear, straightforward goals. Moreover, these goals should be determined at least in part by those whose lives will be affected by intended outcomes. According to Monette, four questions should be considered by staff development planners. These questions are (1) Who can best perceive professional needs? (2) To what extent do selected needs pertain to individuals and to the system? (3) How can staff development planners prepare themselves to deal with shifting needs? (4) What critical relationship exists between needs and the operational philosophy of the institution? Answers to these questions may well determine which attitudes toward organizational growth and development will prevail. If nothing else, a careful analysis of needs may yield to planners' insights that can improve instructional and administrative performance. Staff development personnel have the power to wield either the carrot or the stick. Which one they choose is, in large measure, a function of their understanding of human nature. (KC)
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Cooperative Planning, Educational Needs, Educational Planning, Higher Education, Inservice Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Needs Assessment, Professional Development, Program Improvement, Secondary Education, Staff Development, Teacher Improvement, Teacher Motivation
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education (Philadelphia, PA, November 29-December 2, 1983).