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ERIC Number: ED237650
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug-26
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Variable and Specific Practice on Response Time to Individual Letters and on Overall Speed and Accuracy in Typewriting.
Long, Cathy H.; Hayes, Virginia
This study was designed to determine the effects of variable and specific practice of typing individual letters on response time to typing those letters within specific letter combinations and on overall speed and accuracy of intermediate typists (46 high schools students who were taking Typewriting II). The letters selected for investigation were the "h" as it follows "t," the "e" as it follows "r," the "n" as it follows "i," and the "t" as it follows "i." Students were randomly assigned to three groups: variable practice, specific practice, or typing assignment (control). Pretests were given using three five-minute writings and individual tests of the specific two-letter combinations using the Apple microcomputer with the Mountain Computer Clock. Following 14 days of one-hour classes and a seven-day period of no treatment, the students were tested again using the same methods. Although previous research has suggested otherwise, this study found that neither the variable nor the specific practice drills proved to be more effective in improving response times to specific letters in two-letter combinations than using no drills at all. The study further found that drill work at the intermediate level of skill acquisition did not appear to be helpful to the typist in increasing speed or decreasing errors. Possible explanations suggested for these findings were that students learned letters in combinations (chain effect) and that once these chain reactions were established, drill on letters in isolations was not effective; also, findings showed that repetitive practice is less effective with older students or with students at intermediate levels than with younger or beginning students. Further research was recommended to determine if the use of drills is effective in typewriting instruction. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A