ERIC Number: ED237592
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Intellectual Models and School Policy: Desegregation as a Method of Assimilation.
This paper discusses school desegregation as a method of assimilation (especially of blacks and Mexican-Americans) in the context of shifts in the intelligentsia and accompanying changes in national educational policy. Two general ideological positions have historically been in competition (1) the conservative/order model based on a belief in inherent racial superiority/inferiority and natural inequality, with separatist ideas leading to a national educational policy of segregation; and (2) the liberal/order position based on a belief in the cultural deprivation of minority groups, ethnocentrism, progressivism, and professional control, with assimilation/integration ideas leading to a national educational policy of desegregation. A third, minority position, the radical/conflict position, is based on belief in the preservation of cultural differences, minority-status groups, and community control, with ideas about cultural pluralism and cultural democracy leading to a desire for neighborhood schools and democratic localism; this position may soon challenge the now-dominant liberal/order position. A fourth alternative, based on belief in accommodation, freedom for assimilation, pluralism, and individual control, calls for a voucher system of education. (CMG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the North Central Sociological Association (Dayton, OH, March 1980).