ERIC Number: ED237520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Review of Problem-Solving Skills.
Baird, Leonard L.
This review considers the question as to whether there are generic problem-solving skills that cut across fields or whether the skills are so embedded within specific fields that they can be identified only within the contexts of those fields. To answer this question, an attempt was made to define both "problems" and their "solutions." Then the evidence for the existence of general problem-solving skills that are independent from any specific field was examined. The analyses of skills within disciplines were reviewed to see if the skills are common across fields. Finally, the implications of the research for the assessment of problem-solving skills were studied. In general, it was concluded that similar skills are used in different fields, but that their implementation is so dependent on mastery of the specific fields that any assessment of problem-solving skills would best be conducted within the fields. (Author)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Creative Thinking, Critical Thinking, Measurement Techniques, Problem Solving, Productive Thinking, Research Methodology
Educational Testing Service, Research Publications, R-116, Princeton, N.J. 08541
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: Research supported by the Program Planning Research Council.