ERIC Number: ED237246
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Jun-28
Reference Count: 0
A Parent Education Program in the Pediatric Clinic. Final Report.
Morris, Anne G.
A study was conducted to determine whether a medical facility could provide an ecologically viable base for an educational intervention program for low income parents of preschool children. A total of 518 mother/child dyads participated in the study. Children were 20 to 39 months of age; 60 percent were Hispanic, and 40 percent were Black. Since a control group was deemed inappropriate, subjects matched by age, sex, and ethnicity were assigned to either an early or a late group. Children were tested in English or Spanish on the Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale and/or the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test before and after they entered the program. Parent/child interaction was observed, a toy-sorting task was administered, and two questionnaires were completed by parents to ascertain their views about the program and their knowledge about child development. The parent education program emphasized the importance of the parent as a teacher providing rational explanations and optional solutions to help the child learn during play activities. For each age group, 12 sequentially graded exercises were developed; these concentrated on problem solving, perceptual-motor skills, and language skills. Among numerous findings, pretest and posttest comparisons indicated that low income parents could improve their preschool children's performance. (Related materials are appended, including sample program worksheets and a list of program materials.) (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Child Development (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY.