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ERIC Number: ED236979
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
College Entrance Examinations and Social Cohesion.
Shimahara, Nobuo Kenneth
The influence of the college entrance examination (CEE) on social cohesion in Japanese society is considered, based on a 1976-1977 study in Nagoya, Japan. Attention is focused on socialization of adolescents and educational practice at the secondary level, and specifically cognitive and motivational orientations that are affected by CEE practice, which imposes a framework on the socialization and schooling of adolescents. Schooling at middle/high schools has become increasingly oriented to preparation for high school/college entrance examinations. A majority of adolescents are conditioned to view schooling as truly relevant when it prepares them for the CEE, and this orientation is legitimized by teachers, parents, and society. Social forces contribute to the Japanese pattern of socialization. For example, society attempts to develop cognitive and motivational uniformity through the educational system. In addition, the ideal pattern of social mobility in Japan involves vertical mobility within one work organization, and a college's prestige and rank tends to determine the graduate's opportunities for employment in preferred organizations. Finally, the Japanese regard education as a central means for social mobility. Case studies of three high schools illustrate the importance of the CEE. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan