ERIC Number: ED236573
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of Comprehending during the Process of Silent Reading: The Op-In Procedure.
Pehrsson, Robert S.
A study was conducted to determine the validity of the Op-In procedure in measuring global comprehension and to identify patterns of integrative thinking similar to those of pilot study subjects. The Op-In procedure is a type of cloze procedure that deletes every other sentence ending from a passage. Three sixth grade level scientific passages were presented to 96 seventh grade subjects. Each passage was presented in three different ways: a conventional cloze procedure, an Op-In procedure, and a comprehension question task with emphasis on the main idea and topic related connections (global comprehension). Student responses were grouped into one of five categories ranging from "same or similar to author's intent" to "fails to make sense, far off topic." The results indicated patterns divided evenly among the 96 subjects: (1) interactive, using both author's and reader's schemes for meaning; (2) projective, using mostly reader's own scheme for meaning; (3) fragmented, using local context without integrating any scheme; and (4) no pattern determined. Those categorized as interactive received the highest score. The results indicated that the Op-In procedure exposed global comprehension as well as deviations from them. (Materials used in the study are appended.) (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Idaho State Univ., Pocatello.
Authoring Institution: N/A