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ERIC Number: ED236514
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Distinguishing Me from Thee.
Mueller, John H.; And Others
Trait adjectives which people use to describe themselves will have features both unique to the individual and shared with or common to many people. To examine the uniqueness of descriptors of one's self, and how unique descriptors might be organized in memory, subjects (N=40) made self-descriptiveness and other-descriptiveness ratings for the same set of 120 trait adjectives representing three levels of likability. Uniquely descriptive items took longer for self-descriptiveness decisions than for items that were descriptive of both self and other. Although unique features may be generated as descriptive of one's self, it appears they are accessed more slowly. This result is more consistent with a view that sees trait distinctiveness as computed rather than prestored. In terms of endorsement, uniquely descriptive items showed minimal likability effects, whereas likable items were predominantly seen as descriptive of both self and other and unlikable items were rejected as mutually nondescriptive. Recall differences among the subtypes of items were not pronounced overall, though there was some variation by likability level. (Author/WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A