ERIC Number: ED236461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Locus of Control and Attribution to Depression.
Banks, L. Morgan, III; Goggin, William C.
Both external locus of control (i.e., a generalized expectancy that reinforcement is controlled by luck or fate instead of oneself) and internal locus of attribution (i.e., beliefs that success or failure result from an individual's actions rather than external causes) have been related to depression. To examine the relationship of attributions and expectations to depression, college students (N=100) completed the Attributional Style Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and Rotter's (1966) Internal-External Locus of Control Scale. Statistical analyses showed no relationship between externality of locus of control and depression. Externality of attribution was found to be related to depression, contrary to previous studies which showed a relationship between internality of attribution and depression. However, a significant interaction existed between attribution and locus of control, leading to the conclusions that individuals who are either internal or external on both locus of control and attribution are least depressed, while individuals who are internal on one and external on the other are the most depressed. These findings are contrary to the revised theory of learned helplessness which predicts that internal attributions lead to learned helplessness and depression. (WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).