ERIC Number: ED236369
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Dislocated Workers and Midcareer Retraining in Other Industrial Nations.
Bendick, Marc, Jr.
Market-oriented industrial nations other than the United States have experienced rapid structural changes in their economies and reemployment problems among dislocated midcareer workers. The Swedish active labor market approach is a socialized one. This system has been criticized for excessive reliance on microeconomic labor market programs to address unemployment problems to the neglect of macroeconomic approaches. In Canada, the Manpower Consultative Service, an agency of the national government, exists specifically to deliver temporary worker adjustment assistance to communities undergoing economic crisis. Essential elements of this system include mandatory advanced notice of massive layoffs or plant closures, economic development as a major part of its approach to aiding communities, serving of the needs of disadvantaged individuals through the same agency serving the mainstream work force, and assistance with job searching and placement. The French Further Vocational Training System obligates employers to make annual contributions to the financing of training courses. Targeting would overcome the difficulty of disproportionate funding for nonblue-collar workers. The degree of similarity of social, cultural, and institutional backgrounds between Canada and the United States makes Canada the most likely base for providing a program idea to transfer relatively intact to the United States. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Canada; France; Sweden