ERIC Number: ED236301
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Impacts from the Youth Incentive Entitlement Pilot Projects: Participation, Work, and Schooling Over the Full Program Period.
Farkas, George; And Others
The Youth Incentive Entitlement Pilot Projects (YIEPP) demonstration, which was in full operation from 1978 to 1980, was established to test the efficacy of work combined with education as a remedy for high unemployment, low labor force participation, and the excessive school dropout rate of teenagers. YIEPP offered Federal minimum-wage jobs (part-time during the school year, full-time during the summer) to 16- to 19-year-olds from low-income or welfare households, with the condition that they complete their high school education, either through traditional or alternative education programs. Analysis of the impact of the demonstration found that (1) over 56 percent of the eligible youths participated in YIEPP at least once; (2) YIEPP increased the employment/population ratio for eligible youth by 67.5 percent over the ratio expected in the absence of the program; (3) YIEPP was particularly successful with black youth, whose employment, increased by 102.8 percent, became nearly equal to the employment percentages of white male youth; and (4) the smallest statistically significant YIEPP effect was found for Hispanic females, and there were no significant effects for Hispanic males. Additional effects were that total school enrollment increased significantly, the dropout rate decreased, and the rate of return to school (whether in traditional or alternative programs) for out-of-school youth increased. Finally, YIEPP caused a positive joint increase in schooling and work behavior among the key groups of program youth. (CMG)
Descriptors: Black Employment, Demonstration Programs, Disadvantaged Youth, Dropout Prevention, Economically Disadvantaged, Education Work Relationship, High School Graduates, High School Students, Hispanic Americans, Job Development, Low Income Groups, Out of School Youth, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Reentry Students, Secondary Education, Student Employment, Welfare Recipients, Youth Employment
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment of Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Development.; Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Youth Programs.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.