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ERIC Number: ED236140
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Philosophy of Education in the Curriculum.
Ediger, Marlow
Many decisions made in the curriculum of life are philosophical. Few choices are made empirically. In the school/class setting, teachers and supervisors need to choose from among opposite ideas: (1) programmed learning versus learning centers or open space education; (2) basal readers versus individualized reading programs; (3) stated objectives versus general goals in teaching learners; (4) teacher choice versus heavy learner input; and (5) a textbook/workbook framework versus teacher developed units. Educational philosophy has much to say in terms of implementing objectives, learning activities, and evaluation procedures in the curriculum. The experimentalist educator believes that learners need to identify and solve relevant problems in a changing society. Realists advocate using methods of science to obtain precise information involving the world as it truly is. Existentialists emphasize the importance of the individual making subjective moral commitments within an irrational world. Idealists believe that universal standards and generalizations need discovering in moving from the finite to the Infinite Being. Educators need to be students of philosophy. Diverse philosophical strands provide guidance in developing the curriculum. (JMK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A