ERIC Number: ED236066
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Organizational Evaluation Systems and Student Disengagement in Secondary Schools. Executive Summary.
A summary is presented of a study to determine the impact of school authority systems on student disengagement from high school. Student disengagement is defined as the extent to which students refrain from participating in activities offered as part of the school program, tasks of scholarship and citizenship, and extracurricular activities. The project focuses on the processes for the evaluation of student performance in the areas of academics, social behavior, and extracurricular activities through a study of four incompatibilities which are contradictory, uncontrollable, unpredictable, or unattainable. The incompatibilities of these evaluation processes were linked with three forms of student disengagement: lowered effort engagement and lowered effort assessment, participation in negative activities, and withdrawal. Four high schools in the Rushton School District in Missouri were studied. Research methods included interviews with all administrators and a sample of teachers as well as a survey of a 5 percent random sample of the students. Findings showed a positive relationship between the incompatibilities in the authority and evaluation systems for all three areas and the three forms of student disengagement. Recommendations included that policies and practices be modified to alleviate incompatibilities in the evaluation system, that consistent and reasonable goals and standards be set, that structural changes be made which would facilitate compatibility, and that teachers spend more time setting student expectations and communicating criteria and procedures for evaluation. (CK)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Conflict, Educational Research, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Evaluators, High Schools, Organizational Climate, Organizational Development, Organizational Effectiveness, Power Structure, Secondary Education, Student Alienation, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student Evaluation, Student Motivation, Student Participation, Student Reaction, Student School Relationship, Student Teacher Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO.