ERIC Number: ED235996
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
U.S. Science and Engineering Education and Manpower: Background; Supply and Demand; and Comparison with Japan, the Soviet Union, and West Germany. Report Prepared by the Congressional Research Service Library of Congress for the Subcommittee on Science, Research and Technology, Transmitted to the Committee on Science and Technology. U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.
Cooper, Edith Fairman
This five-part report examines several aspects of science/engineering (S/E) education as it relates to S/E manpower. Part I discusses: pre-college science/mathematics curricula that have a bearing on future career decisions of students and that will subsequently affect the supply of scientific/technical manpower; the importance of science/technology in higher education for the scientific/non-scientific student and how this relates to the basic technical literacy of the U.S. population; current engineering faculty shortage and state of college/university equipment; status of S/E manpower supply/demand, reviewed through S/E degrees awarded and numbers of non-U.S. citizens enrolled in and graduating from S/E schools; and other issues. Part II examines S/E education instruction provided in Japan, the Soviet Union, and West Germany and how it relates to the technical competence of their general populace. Part III presents forecasts concerning the possible future supply of and demand for S/E manpower in the United States, and trends of the future supply of scientists/engineers in the Soviet Union. Part IV examines the supply of engineers and scientists in the Department of Defense in both military and civilian sectors. Part V is a historical overview of congressional interest/actions regarding these issues (including National Science Foundation actions). A selected annotated bibliography and appendices are included. (JN)
Descriptors: Degrees (Academic), Elementary Secondary Education, Engineering Education, Engineers, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries, Foreign Students, Higher Education, Labor Demands, Labor Force, Labor Supply, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Education, Science Curriculum, Science Education, Science Equipment, Science Instruction, Scientists, Teacher Shortage
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Science and Technology.
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.
Identifiers - Location: Japan; USSR; West Germany