ERIC Number: ED235927
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Children's Math Achievement: Parental Attitudes.
Jayaratne, Toby Epstein
Parents' perceptions of their own past and present math achievement and their perceptions of the math abilities and attitudes of their daughters and sons were investigated. Reported here is one aspect of the study, focusing on the nature of sex-typing of parental attitudes toward math and the extent and consistency of such views. Data were obtained from parents by questionnaires on two occasions 1 year apart. Questionnaire items concerned (1) parents' own math attitudes, abilities, and performances; (2) parents' perceptions of their children's abilities and attitudes toward math; and (3) parents' general sex stereotyping of math abilities. Results indicated that parents strongly sex stereotype both their self-assessments of and subjective experiences with math as well as their daughters' or sons' math achievement. Mothers were more likely than fathers to hold a sex-differentiated view of their child's math achievement. In general, parents also strongly held math stereotypes for females and males, although these stereotypes were greater on issues of performance and utility than on aptitude. It was additionally found that (1) having a daughter may make a parent less likely to sex stereotype math; (2) parents who are positive or negative toward math are likely to hold such views about math for their child, particularly in the case of mothers and daughters; and (3) parents' general stereotypes about math do not relate to the sex differentiation of math for their children. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Detroit, MI, April 21-24, 1983).