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ERIC Number: ED235805
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Professionalization of Librarianship. Occasional Papers Number 160.
Winter, Michael F.
This paper briefly reviews the origins of the modern professions and examines in detail three sociological models of the professions and the professionalization process, in each case supplying indications of relevance to the library field. Models discussed include the trait or attribute, the functional, and the power or occupational control models of professionalization. The paper reviews the strengths and weaknesses of each of these sociological approaches in understanding the development of the library occupation. Incidental attention is also paid to the general family of information- and knowledge-treating occupations (publishing, archival management, and information science), and to librarianship's position in this group. The nature of library work and the implications of the American Library Association's (ALA) position on library education and manpower are discussed. William J. Goode's assertion that librarianship is not a profession is analyzed and refuted. The paper concludes by presenting a composite model for the library profession, suggesting that professional schools combined with a knowledge base comprise the institutionalization of the profession and that the combination of institutionalization, the existence of professional associations, and the strength of collective orientations yields professional autonomy. A copy of the author's vita is provided. (Author/ESR)
Descriptors: Information Science, Library Associations, Library Education, Library Science, Models, Professional Autonomy, Professional Occupations
Publications Office, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois, 249 Armory Bldg., 505 E. Armory Street, Champaign, IL 61820 (single copies, $3.00; year's subscription, $12.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Graduate School of Library and Information Science.