ERIC Number: ED235733
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluating the Payoffs of College Investments for Black, White, and Hispanic Students. Report No. 344.
Thomas, Gail E.; Gordon, Samuel A.
The way that the educational and occupational attainment of Blacks, Whites, and Hispanics are affected by the type of college attended and the student's field of study was investigated. The effects of attending a two-year/vocational college versus a four-year college and of pursuing a technical or hard science program versus education and social sciences programs were assessed. The study group was a national sample of high school seniors who participated in the National Longitudinal Survey of the High School Class of 1972. Both college type and major had a significant effect on educational attainment, and college type had a small but significant effect on occupational attainment. Interactions of college type with race and sex were also found. College major significantly affected educational attainment of four-year colleges students versus a negligible effect for two-year students. Educational expectations had a stronger impact on educational attainment for Hispanics and Whites than for Blacks, and for females than for males. Educational attainment was the major determinant of occupational attainment for Blacks and Whites, while sex and educational expectations were the most important factors for Hispanics. Finally, college major had a significant effect on occupational attainment of females versus a negligible effect for males. (Author/SW)
Descriptors: Black Students, College Choice, Comparative Analysis, Educational Attainment, Employment Level, Females, Higher Education, Hispanic American Students, Hispanic Americans, Influences, Longitudinal Studies, Majors (Students), Males, Occupational Aspiration, Racial Differences, Sex Differences, Two Year Colleges, Universities, White Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972