ERIC Number: ED235666
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Needs Assessment of Services to Deaf-Blind Individuals. Final Report.
Wolf, Enid G.; And Others
A survey of 33 administrators, 62 teachers, and 44 parents of deaf-blind children, and interviews with 50 deaf-blind adults were analyzed to determine the services needed by this population and to examine demographic characteristics. Demographic factors (age, sex, institutionalization, and geographic distribution) are reviewed, and varying definitions of deaf-blindness are cited. Descriptions of the type and range of services offered are provided and gaps in service delivery are identified, including lack of staff skill in the more sophisticated communication methods (such as fingerspelling or signing). Concerns were voiced by federal officials and state and local administrators over funding, especially when programs are called upon to service increasing numbers of deaf-blind persons with additional severe disabilities. Teachers expressed dissatisfaction with their preparation and predicted low level accomplishments for the students. Parents, for their part, were pessimistic about their children's future development. Deaf-blind adults indicated vocational preparation, communication training, and financial aid as the top three desired services, with social life and recreation most frequently cited as a problem. Data and relevant literature are summarized according to 14 topics, including the education process, the habilitation/rehabilitation process, and alternative living arrangements. A final chapter offers recommendations, including the need for a continued federal presence in the education of deaf-blind youth and for parent education and respite care. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: REDEX, Inc. (Rehabilitation and Education Experts, Inc.), Silver Spring, MD.