ERIC Number: ED235589
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
School Finance Reform in the States: 1983.
Odden, Allan; And Others
Emphasizing the diminished resources of the 1980's, this report offers an overview of the varied experiences of the states in dealing with school finance issues. Although basic inequities in educational services remain, the states' generally poor fiscal condition has resulted in less attention for equity issues. However, public school financing has matured as a prominent state policy issue. A summary of school finance reforms in the last 12 years notes significant progress in the 1970's in expanded general aid, increased equity, better measure of fiscal capacity, and more money for districts and students with special needs. New tax and spending limitations have raised questions about current arrangements for tax collection and distribution, and school finance litigation continues in many states despite the "Rodriguez" decision. The economic, demographic, and political contexts of educational finance is illustrated by tables on the states' fiscal condition, enrollment trends and projections, funding prospects, public opinion, and revenues and expenditures for public education. A chapter on legislative agendas for 1983 highlights major activities in each state, and a final chapter on school finance litigation discusses litigation strategies based on equal protection clauses and on state education clauses and the standards that have evolved to determine the constitutionality of finance systems. A table summarizes states' most important school finance cases. (MJL)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Finance Reform, Higher Education, Public Opinion, Retrenchment, School Statistics, School Support, State Aid, State Courts, State Legislation
Distribution Center, Education Commission of the States, Suite 300, 1860 Lincoln Street, Denver, CO 80295 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO. Education Finance Center.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Rodriguez v San Antonio Independent School District