ERIC Number: ED235521
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Patterns of Nonverbal Behavior and Perceived Relational Messages Associated with Communication Reticence.
Burgoon, Judee K.; Koper, Randall J.
Two experiments examined nonverbal behavior patterns and relational communication perceptions associated with communication reticence. In the first experiment, pairs of friends and pairs of strangers engaged in nine-minute discussions. Subjects were rated by their interaction partners and by trained observers. Results showed that as their level of communication reticence increased, they nodded less, showed less facial pleasantness and animation, displayed anxiety and tension, leaned away more and communicated greater disinterest. Strangers rated their relational messages as showing less intimacy and similarity, more detachment, more submissiveness, less receptivity and more emotional negativity. They also rated reticents consistently lower on credibility. Friends gave mixed but frequently more positive ratings to more reticent individuals. In the second experiment, 55 subjects interacted with male or female confederate interviewers who alternately asked innocuous or highly personal questions. The same patterns of nonverbal behavior emerged as in the first study, with increases in stress (due to privacy-invading questioning) eliciting more pronounced responses. Results are discussed in terms of the cross-situational consistency of reticence syndromes in eliciting dysfunctional communication patterns. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (Dallas, TX, May 26-30, 1983).