ERIC Number: ED235449
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
The Use of Different Rules to Allocate Reward and Punishment.
Mueller, Charles W.
Much research has been conducted about how and when individuals allocate rewards, yet little research exists concerning the allocation of punishment. The process of allocating negative outcomes may be different from the decision making process for positive outcomes. To examine the decision making process for allocating rewards and punishment, psychology students (N=182) read scenarios in which an individual who either made or lost money for a group was directed to divide the group's reward or punishment (amount of money the group received or owed). The students then imagined they were the allocator, and decided how the money should be divided. Statistical analyses showed that allocators who had contributed a high number of correct or incorrect responses allocated more money to themselves than did those in the low allocator position. Allocators of punishment took away more money from themselves then reward allocators gave themselves. Subjects were more likely to choose equitable than equal allocations of outcomes in the allocation of punishments. The findings support the idea that reward and punishment allocations are not completely parallel processes. (WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (55th, Chicago, IL, May 5-7, 1983).