ERIC Number: ED234910
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Child Kidnaping. Oversight Hearing Inquiry into the Priorities and Practices of the FBI in Child Kidnaping Cases before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session (February 2, l983).
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
In questioning priorities of the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Senate Judiciary Committee, hearings on child kidnaping have established that three elements of a case must exist before agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation will begin investigations. Federal Kidnaping Statute, Title l8, United States Code, Section 1201 establishes that, in order for investigation to proceed, a person must be (1) unlawfully seized, confined, inveigled, decoyed, kidnaped, abducted, or carried away without his or her consent; (2) held for ransom or reward; and (3) transported in interstate or foreign commerce. The statute also provides that the interstate or foreign transportation element may be presumed if the person has not been released within 24 hours; it excludes cases in which a parent seizes or kidnaps a minor child. It is the FBI's responsibility to evaluate each kidnaping report to determine eligibility for investigation. If preliminary inquiry fails to develop sufficient facts, no investigation is undertaken. As an agency without general police powers, the FBI has limited jurisdiction. Parents of missing children testified as to their dissatisfaction with the agency's investigations. It is urged that the FBI become more actively involved in the investigation of the disappearances of young children. Only l0 to 14 percent of missing children are entered into the National Crime Information Center's Missing Persons File. Some other concerns to be addressed include lack of public awareness, the need for programs aimed at preventing child kidnaping, and unwillingness of local law enforcement agencies to use the missing persons file. (BJD)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.