ERIC Number: ED234897
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Toward a Model of Higher Order Thinking Skills.
Marzano, Robert J.
Concepts, propositions, proposition sets, and process patterns are discussed as elements of a model of language-related basic thinking skills. The term "concept" is defined and illustrated, and a model of concept attainment is briefly described. Illustrations are offered for a set of 430 basic concept clusters intended for use as a concept curriculum in kindergarten through sixth grade. In addition, the term "proposition" is defined and illustrated. Elementary and secondary school course content is perceived as consisting of sets of propositions. Five basic ways propositions can be related to one another are specified, and a few of these relationships are exemplified. Propositions are thought to be related referentially, temporally, causally, additively, and contrastively. It is argued that the extent to which students recognize the five basic types of relationships and their subtypes governs their ability to process information. The five basic types of relationships among propositions are also seen as being used to link large blocks of propositions into proposition sets. Processes considered fundamental to education (input, organization, and output) are defined, and two basic organizational processes (generalizing and evaluating) are illustrated. Concluding sections hierarchically order the elements of the model of thinking skills and point out instructional implications. (RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A