ERIC Number: ED234700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Summer Motivation and Retention. Fall 1978 Freshman Cohort Study: Report No. 1.
Kapsis, Robert E.; Protash, William
The influence of summer experiences on the re-enrollment pattern of students at the City University of New York was studied. Students who began as first-time freshmen in fall 1978 were evaluated over a 2-year period. Information was available for 21,079 students; however, 1,466 students who completed associate degrees during the study period were excluded from the analysis. Major study findings were as follows: during the summer, economically and educationally disadvantaged students were more likely to drop out of college than were advantaged students; during the school year, advantaged and disadvantaged students had an equal chance of remaining in college; the summer is particularly crucial for academically underprepared students, who are nearly twice as likely as other students to drop out over the summer; attendance at summer school largely offsets the influence of disadvantage on re-enrollment behavior; precollege economic deprivation alone was nearly unrelated to dropping out, while precollege academic disadvantage alone or in combination with economic disadvantage, was strongly related to leaving college; and academically disadvantaged students were about three times more dependent upon their grade performance for retention than were others. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Office of Institutional Research and Analysis.