ERIC Number: ED234513
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Mar-1
Reference Count: N/A
Implementing the Education Block Grant. Issuegram 32.
Burnes, Donald W.
Patterns of spending federal aid have shifted since Chapter 2 of the 1981 Education Consolidation and Improvement Act combined 29 existing programs into one block grant and placed the responsibility for allocating the funds with the states and local districts. Since 1982-83 Chapter 2 appropriations were 14.4 percent below funding for the antecedent programs, more than half the states now receive less aid. Chapter 2 funds are allocated to states on the basis of school age populations, and the states distribute at least 80 percent to districts using a state-designated formula based on school enrollments with adjustment for high-cost factors. An average of 73.6 percent of funds reserved at the state level are spent for educational improvement or support. Although desegregation was the largest of the programs replaced by the block grant, only eight states earmarked grant funds for that purpose. Because funding is low--averaging $6.07 per child with additional amounts for high-cost students--and the future of Chapter 2 appears uncertain, districts tend to spend the allocation on one-time costs such as instructional materials, rather than on staff. (MJL)
Descriptors: Block Grants, Bulletins, Categorical Aid, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Financial Support, Revenue Sharing, School Desegregation, School District Spending, State Government, State Programs, State School District Relationship
Distribution Center, Education Commission of the States, 1860 Lincoln Street, Suite 300, Denver, CO 80295 ($2.00 prepaid; quantity discounts; add $1.00 on non-prepaid orders to cover invoicing).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 2