ERIC Number: ED234511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Mar-1
Reference Count: N/A
State Structures of Elementary/Secondary Governance. Issuegram 30.
Burnes, Donald W.
Understanding the differences between education governance structures is important to understanding the entire education policy process. In almost all states, fiscal responsibility for education rests with the governor and the legislature. State education governance structures differ, falling into four basic models. In the first model the governor appoints the state board of education, and the chief is then appointed by the board; 15 states follow this model. In the second model, followed by 11 states, the board of education is elected at large and then appoints the chief; this reduces the governor's influence. The third model has a govenor-appointed board with the chief state officer elected at large, placing a premium on a cooperative working relationship. Twelve states follow this model. In the five states using the fourth model, the governor appoints the board members and the chief state school officer. The remaining states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, have structures that are variations of these four models. Eighteen states have legislatures that are able to exert influence through their authority to confirm the governor's appointments. The absence of major structural changes in educational governance since 1973 suggests that these structures are relatively stable. Four strategies are presented for state officials to consider in increasing leadership in education. (MD)
Descriptors: Administrators, Bulletins, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance, Leadership, Organization, State Boards of Education, State School District Relationship
Distribution Center, Education Commission of the States, 1860 Lincoln Street, Suite 300, Denver, CO 80295 ($2.00 prepaid; quantity discounts; add $1.00 on non-prepaid orders to cover invoicing).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.