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ERIC Number: ED234477
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Highlights from Research on Teaching Self-Control.
Anderson, Linda M.; Prawat, Richard S.
Educational Leadership, v40 n7 p65 Apr 1983
THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Adults can help students become more responsible by teaching them new ways of thinking about self-control. The research summarized here suggests that: If students do not feel a sense of control over the outcomes of their actions, they will not exert much effort or assume much responsibility for what they do. It is not enough for students to simply believe they can exert control, however. They must also have the right skills--such as talking themselves through a task, monitoring their own behavior, and learning problem-solving routines. When students attribute their success (or failure) on a particular task to the amount of personal effort they put into the task, they are more likely to try harder in similar situations in the future. Children who believe their own incompetence--rather than effort--is the cause of social rejection have a hard time coping with that rejection. Many students can be taught to attribute their success or failure at a task to effort, instead of to luck, ability, or the difficulty of the task. Very young children, however, cannot distinguish between effort and ability. Resource Information Service (RIS) provides ASCD members access to research and sources of information on selected topics. The information is available through RIS-sponsored research synthesis, the RIS column in "Update," and the quarterly publication "Curriculum Update." (Author)
Descriptors: Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Literature Reviews, Personal Autonomy, Problem Solving, Self Control, Student Behavior, Student Responsibility
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 225 N. Washington St., Alexandria, VA 22314.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA.