ERIC Number: ED234403
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Peer Critiquing and Model Analysis on the Quality of Biology Student Laboratory Reports.
Flynn, Elizabeth A.; And Others
A study investigated the effectiveness of peer critiquing and the use of writing models in the preparation of scientific reports. Primary trait scoring was used to evaluate laboratory reports on exercise physiology written by four different groups of sophomore biology majors: (1) a reference (control) group that prepared for writing reports with only an outline and no additional guidance, (2) a treatment group composed of students prepared with techniques of peer critiquing and writing model analysis, (3) a second treatment group composed of students introduced only to model analysis, and (4) a third treatment group composed of students introduced only to peer critiquing. Students in all four groups received identical instructions for the preparation of the report and participated in an identical lab session. The results of the lab report evaluations indicated that all three treatment groups scored higher on the primary trait assessment of the reports than did the reference group. The Duncan multiple-range test indicated that the three treatments increased the quality of the lab reports significantly. It also indicated that the group that employed modeling alone wrote better reports than did the other groups. The study suggests that writing model analysis and peer review and revision will increase the quality of writing in student laboratory reports, and that modeling is an especially useful technique in content classrooms and in those classes with high enrollments. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English (72nd, Washington, DC, November 19-24, 1982).