ERIC Number: ED234358
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Jun-15
Reference Count: N/A
Comparison of Sentence Processing in Listening and Reading among College- and School-Age Skilled and Unskilled Readers. Final Report.
Townsend, David J.
Three sets of experiments compared skilled and unskilled college and school age (sixth through eighth grade) readers' processing of spoken and printed sentences in isolation and in story context. The two types of readers differed in their processing of the structural, thematic, and schematic properties of sentences in both reading and listening. The results demonstrated that reading and listening make use of similar language comprehension processes, that unskilled readers are also relatively unskilled listeners, and that effective comprehension involves an interaction of processes for perceiving and relating propositions and for integrating propositions with schematic expectations. School-aged unskilled readers were relatively deficient in propositional processing and tended to process spoken and printed sentences as a series of unstructured words. College-aged unskilled readers were relatively deficient in their strategies for relating propositions and tended to rely on expectations to form a representation of text. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. The Libraries.