ERIC Number: ED234326
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Creative Health for Elders through Psychology and Art: A Pilot Study.
Fling, Sheila; And Others
Twelve community residents (10 women, 2 men; average age = 67) registered for a continuing education class in "creative living for elders." In 10 weekly, 2-hour sessions, a clinical psychologist and two artists led the group in exercise, muscle relaxation, regulated breathing, guided imagery, affirmations, and sensory awareness integrated with art activities in many media. Handouts guided the participants in similar weekly homework. A supportive atmosphere stimulated discussion of experiences. Pre-, post-, and 7-month follow-up testing revealed significant increases on Neugarten's Life Satisfaction Index A at both post- and follow-up testing. The increase on Rosenberg's 10-item Self-Esteem Scale and the decrease on Zung's Depression Scale approached significance at posttest. At follow-up, depression had decreased further, and the continued increase in self-esteem resulted in a significant difference from pretest. Fillenbaum's 3-item physical health scale and the Barron-Welsh Art Scale showed no significant changes. Anecdotal evidence indicated many benefits such as decreased depression, medication, and alcohol use. This pilot suggests that these psychophysical techniques integrated with art activities can be successfully implemented with older populations and have potential for improving their well-being. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (28th, Dallas, TX, April 15-17, 1982).