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ERIC Number: ED234307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Visitation/Training Program for Institutionalized Elderly.
Fling, Sheila; Tayloe, Bryan
Research on the use of paraprofessionals and trained volunteers for visitation programs with elders is limited. To determine the effects of a visitation program on nursing home residents and their college student and elder visitors, and to explore the effectiveness of special training for such visitation, nursing home residents (N=25) visited with 12 trained or 13 less trained college student visitors for 7 weeks. Of those residents, four visited with trained community elders for the next 7 weeks. Statistical analyses showed that residents' depression and self-esteem improved significantly over the first period, and regressed to pretest levels in the next. A measure of counseling skills supported the effectiveness of training since trained students showed greater skills, and residents' increase in self-esteem correlated significantly with visitors' counseling skills. Students improved significantly in counseling skills, knowledge of aging, and attitudes toward elders. Elder visitors improved significantly in knowledge of aging. (WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southwestern Psychological Association (29th, San Antonio, TX, April 21-23, 1983).