ERIC Number: ED234092
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Single Parents, Working Mothers and the Educational Achievement of Elementary School Age Children. Working Draft.
Milne, Ann M.; And Others
Using a nationally representative database of students in grades one through six, this study estimates the effects of number of parents and maternal working on children's school-related achievement. Achievement scores are lower for children from one-parent than from two-parent homes. The effect appears to work primarily through the lower income of one-parent homes and its impact on subsequent variables in the model. The effects of maternal working differ for various subgroups. Children from two-parent homes have lower achievement if the mother works, and the magnitude of the effect is directly related to the amount of time worked. For black children from two-parent homes the direct effect is negative, but the total effect is offset by enhanced family income; no such offsetting, positive effect appears for comparable white children. Black children from one-parent homes have higher achievement if the mother works, mediated to a large extent by increased family income. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Small print in some tables and figures. For related document, see TM 830 604. Revised version of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, March 1982). Document was prepared under subcontract #B43601 with System Development Corporation.