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ERIC Number: ED233986
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jun
Pages: 50
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Overview of a Program of Research on Teachers' and Students' Routines, Thoughts, and Execution of Plans.
Leinhardt, Gaea
This paper presents an overview of a program of research analyzing teaching as a cognitive skill and exploring the cognitive information carried by classroom students. The research, which focuses on cognitive skills required for performing a complex interactive task in an ill-structured, dynamic task environment, is being conducted in the specific context of the presentation of expert elementary school teachers. A review is presented of previous work by educational psychologists and cognitive scientists who have explored epistemological theories as they apply to the act of teaching. A description is given of the sequence of mental processes an expert teacher uses in planning and teaching a lesson, the knowledge base from which the teacher operates, and how it determines the structure of activity episodes for the lesson. Also discussed are empirical studies that provide detailed information regarding characteristics of knowledge that constitute cognitive skill in teaching, including general schematic knowledge of teaching activities, construction of plans, knowledge of the subject matter and related pedagogy, and detailed sequences of events that occur during presentation of lessons. Figures illustrating general models of instruction and cognition are appended. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Canada, April 11-15, 1983).