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ERIC Number: ED233838
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Rural Rehabilitation. A State of the Art.
Leland, Michael; Schneider, Mary Jo
To provide a complete picture of vocational rehabilitation needs of the rural disabled and to assist agencies in the development of improved services for the rural disabled, researchers reviewed pertinent literature since 1960 and held informal discussions with knowledgeable professionals. The literature review revealed a lack of knowledge of rural rehabilitation needs even though 8.5 million disabled people live in non-metropolitan or rural areas where their vocational rehabilitation is impeded by economic, employment, health, transportation, education, cultural, and ethnicity barriers. In recent decades, agencies have used two major strategies to alleviate problems in service delivery to the rural disabled. Expansion of traditional service delivery programs in Wisconsin, Kentucky, Maine, New York, West Virginia, Arkansas, Vermont, and Minnesota has proved that rehabilitation services can be effectively extended into rural areas if adequate staffing and funding exist. Non-traditional services including indigenous volunteers and service providers, mobile units, professional rehabilitation teams, transportation systems, health services, and special education programs have also proved successful. Many state, regional, and national assessments of the needs of the disabled have been conducted but, because few have focused on rural areas, no clear definition of the needs of the rural disabled exists. (SB)
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Human Services, Medical Services, Needs Assessment, Outreach Programs, Program Descriptions, Rehabilitation Programs, Rural Environment, Rural Population, Vocational Rehabilitation
Arkansas Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Hot Springs Rehabilitation Center, P. O. Box 1358, Hot Springs, AR 71901.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Handicapped Research (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center.