ERIC Number: ED233797
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Efficacy of Reward vs. Punishment: A Comparison of Two Cottage Units. Monograph Series No. 2:3/83.
Of general interest in this study comparing two cottage-home art therapy groups was the question of whether or not a token reward system would increase children's cooperative behaviors and art production. Participants in the study were residents at a treatment facility for abused children. Cottages differed in the responsiveness of residents to the art therapy setting and in the extent to which punishment was used generally to control the children. In the course of conducting art therapy sessions, the therapist established a token economy to manage children's behavior in a positive way. To assess the effectiveness of the reward system, several categories of observational data were collected over a period of 20 weeks. Data included records of token rewards given and art products made. Generally, results indicated that while the reward system worked well in both groups, it was more effective in the reward-oriented cottage than in the cottage in which punishment was more likely to occur. (RH)
Descriptors: Art Activities, Art Therapy, Child Abuse, Children, Comparative Analysis, Cooperation, Positive Reinforcement, Prosocial Behavior, Residential Care
Childhelp U.S.A./International, 14700 Manzanita Park Road, P.O. Box 247, Beaumont, CA 92223 (Free of charge).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Childhelp U.S.A./International, Beaumont, CA.