ERIC Number: ED233459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: N/A
Compulsory Schooling in a Changing World.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).
The object of this report is to review recent developments in compulsory schooling, to raise what appear to be the critical educational problems alreading facing, or beginning to emerge in, the countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and to suggest some of the considerations that might influence policy decisions. Using data from 16 studies of the nations of the OECD, the differing types of schools and various structures of student careers are compared, as are the duration and continuity of schooling among the member nations. Statistics on school attendance and class size and on the education of disadvantaged groups introduce issues in curriculum and educational equity. The changing roles of schools, students, families, and teachers in the educational process are also analyzed for their implications for educational policy, including such issues as those of the hidden curriculum, the characteristics and training of teachers, and the relationship of schools and employment. The problems of educational accountability, control, and evaluation of schools, which are now faced by many OECD countries, are discussed in terms of the demand for community control and the prominent forms of school evaluation. Finally, such continuing and emerging problems are addressed as those surrounding the issues of accountability, resource deployment during times of falling enrollments, teacher competence, and equality of opportunity. (JW)
Descriptors: Accountability, Attendance Patterns, Class Size, Comparative Analysis, Compulsory Education, Curriculum Design, Disadvantaged, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Influences, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Inservice Teacher Education, Parent School Relationship, School Effectiveness, School Role, Student School Relationship, Teacher Role
OECD Publications Center, Suite 1207, 1750 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20006 ($17.00; also available in French, with the title, "L'Enseignement Obligatoire face a l'Evolution de la Societe").
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).