ERIC Number: ED233446
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr-6
Reference Count: 0
A Principal's Leadership in Developing the Characteristics of Excellent Schools.
Finn, Chester E., Jr.
This speech reviews school effectiveness research over the past 5 years, presenting the most important conclusions: schools make a difference in how much children learn, and principals make a difference in school effectiveness. The characteristics of better schools listed are: 1) clear sense of purpose, (2) well-formulated instructional goals, (3) orderly environment, (4) a team approach with shared objectives, (5) high pupil expectations, and (6) effective instructional leadership. It is emphasized that effective schools have effective principals. In identifying these characteristics, Michael Cohen of the National Institute of Education is quoted extensively. The author delineates additional skills and knowledge that principals need but that are not taught in education classes. He recommends that effective principals must, first, understand school effectiveness research; second, be able to evaluate and improve instructional programs; third, have a knowledge of organizational behavior; and fourth, understand the nature and theory of leadership. The author additionally points to skills in supervising, evaluating and giving feedback to teachers, effectively communicating, using incentives and rewards, and viewing the school as a continuing cycle of diagnosis and assessment. It is concluded that the school is a dynamic institution that changes and grows, and effective principals determine that growth potential. (MD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Catholic Educational Association (80th, Washington, DC, April 4-7, 1983).