ERIC Number: ED233277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of the Divorce Process on the Family.
Rudolph, Linda B.
One of the most dramatic changes in the American culture in recent years is the emergence of a family unit experiencing stages of disruption and reorganization as a common pattern. The stereotypical middle-class, suburban family continues to exist, but other variations of families exist also, family units for which past guidelines and assumptions based on the "normal" nuclear family may not be appropriate. Divorce can have positive or negative effects on the adults and children involved. The legal, social, psychological, economic and other lifestyle changes can be overwhelming. On the other hand, adults and children may be freed to establish new roles and relationships, according to some writers. Most research indicates that the child's developmental level is a significant factor in adjustment to divorce. Qualitative and quantitative differences appear to exist in the way children of varying developmental levels respond to the divorce process. This paper reviews and summarizes the research describing the effects of divorce at varying age levels, and enumerates factors which contribute to good adjustment after divorce. The paper also presents 12 areas in need of further research (e.g, ages of development at which divorce has the most adverse consequences, adverse effects of the divorce process on academic achievement, and types of conflict most harmful to children), with comments on most areas. (Author/WAS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).