ERIC Number: ED233275
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
What Else Don't Real Men Do? Sex Role Orientation and Adjustment in College Males.
Adams, Carol; Sherer, Mark
Bem's androgyny theory predicts better psychological adjustment in androgynous males and females (those with a balance of masculine and feminine traits) than in traditionally masculine men or feminine women. However, recent research suggests that androgynous individuals have no advantage over masculine-typed individuals of either sex. To explore the relationship between adjustment and sex-role orientation in college males, 45 male students completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI). A median split procedure was used to form four sex-role groups: androgynous, masculine, feminine, and undifferentiated males. These four groups were compared on the 3 validity and 10 clinical scales of the MMPI. Data analyses showed that masculine men had greater ego strength and were less socially introverted than feminine men. No significant differences were found between masculine and androgynous men. There was also a significant negative correlation between masculine scores and the Si scale of the MMPI, and a significant positive correlation between femininity and the Si scale. The results tend to support the hypothesis that "real men" (masculine men) are similar to androgynous typed men in that they tend to have greater ego strength and less social discomfort than feminine or undifferentiated men. Additional support was generated for the notion that masculinity is the important trait in the adjustment of androgynous men. (WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).