ERIC Number: ED233253
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Death Education in the Home and at School.
During the past 20 years, educators and psychologists have been concerned with death education for children. Considerable material is available on death education; however, research indicates that despite the wealth of resources, little death education occurs in the home or at school. Parents, teachers, and television are all sources of unintended death education. The traumatic effect of omissions, refusals to answer questions, diverting techniques, and negative non-verbal messages used by important people in a child's life cannot be underestimated. If children are to learn about death and dying in a positive, helpful manner, the sense of the inappropriateness of death education for children and the tendency to shield children must be overcome. Based on research, we can conclude that children are interested in death; death concepts develop in four stages consonant with those identified in Piaget's theory of cognitive development in general; adolescents' death anxieties stem primarily from the understanding that death is an irreversible, universal, and inevitable reality; personal experience with death directly and profoundly affects the child; and the types of fears and anxieties children experience are related to developmental stage. Some general guidelines for teachers and parents in dealing with children and death include clarifying personal concepts and attitudes, obtaining up-to-date knowledge about death and dying, using basic knowledge as a frame of reference, and being empathic, active listeners. (AG)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related document, see CG 016 831.